development chart

 

Childhood is filled with many exciting and important milestones. Parents and caregivers often wonder if your child is reaching these goals at the appropriate age. Reality is each child is different and while there isn’t a set rule for each milestone, you can have an idea of what to expect at each age.

Some questions or concerns might be:

  • At what age should my child walk?

  • When should my child start to talk?

Use the below chart as a guide and if you have questions or concerns, please feel free to reach out to one of our specialist for help.

Our Milestone Tracker provides clear information in a variety of categories based on age. Our categories:

  • Social-emotional engagement with others

  • Adaptive self-help, persistence and attention, and self-regulation

  • Motor movement and physical development

  • Language - What we understand and what we can express

  • Cognitive thinking, learning, and problem solving

Milestone Tracker

 

2 Months

  • Smiles in response to attention, can briefly calm themselves

  • Responds by soothing or shows excitement with sight of bottle or breast

  • Brings hands to mouth, can lift head while lying on tummy, turns head from side to side when held

  • Responds to loud sounds, coos, turns head to source of sound

  • Watches things as they move, looks at faces of adults, Begins to enjoy “change of scenery”

6 Months

  • Begins to differentiate between familiar and unfamiliar people, enjoys interacting with others, especially parents

  • Enjoys seeing himself in mirror, shows interest in object and attempts to reach items in view

  • Rolls back to front and front to back, sits without support for a few seconds, supports self on “all fours” as if to crawl, may rock back and forth

  • Makes sounds in response to other sounds, often taking turns making sounds with parents, responds to name, passes things from one hand to the other, is curious and attempts to reach things, looks around to show interest in surroundings and happening

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1 Year

  • Clear distinction in behavior toward familiar and unfamiliar people, demonstrates separation anxiety from parents

  • Holds arms or legs out to cooperate with dressing, passes adult a book for a story or a toy to activate or make work

  • Pulls to standing without help, may take independent steps, moves around the room by holding on to objects

  • Responds to simple spoken requests or directions, uses gestures waves hand for “bye- bye”, shakes head for “no”

  • Follows simple directions “look at me” or “pick up the toy”, looks at picture or object that is named, puts things “in” and “out” of a container.

18 Months

  • Shows affection to familiar people, pretends to feed doll or stuffed animals

  • May have temper tantrums, may be “clingy” with caregivers in new situations

  • Walks up steps with hand held, eats with a spoon, can carry a large object (ball) while walking

  • Says 10-15 single words, shakes head or says “no” and “yes” meaningfully

  • Follows one step instructions with no gestures, scribbles on paper, points to 1-3 body parts

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2 Years

  • Imitates other children and adults, shows excitement when sees other children, spontaneously greets familiar people

  • Demonstrates defiant behavior as a show of independence, feeds himself most foods independently, drinks from open cup while seated, is aware of need for diaper change

  • Builds a tower of 4 or more blocks, kicks a ball, climbs up and down furniture independently, gait is steady, runs with both feet off floor

  • Uses two word phrases to describe concepts or ideas , identifies objects by pointing, names familiar objects

  • Plays make believe games, pretend play includes more complex ideas, follows two step instructions, sorts most shapes and colors correctly

3 Years

  • Knows if he/ she is a boy or girl, understands “mine”, “his”, “hers”. Shows concern for someone who is hurt or sad

  • Can transition from one activity to another, but may get upset with major routine changes, feeds self with spoon and a fork, drinks from an open cup without support or spilling, cooperates in dressing and toileting

  • Screws unscrews jar lids, can turn a door knob, walks up and down stairs placing one foot on each step, builds a six block tower, is able to copy a circle drawn on paper, kicks ball

  • Tells name and age correctly, speaks in full sentences, and carries on a conversation. Speaks clearly and should be understood by unfamiliar people most of the time.

  • Understands meaning of “in”, “on”, “under”. Understands number concepts “give me one”, and “give me three”, can tell names of favorite friends.

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4 Years

  • Prefers to play with others, enjoys role playing, cooperates with other children

  • Is able to dress himself, is mostly independent with toileting needs, remembers the location of items left behind

  • Copies letters and numbers in addition to shapes drawn on paper, catches a ball, hops on one foot, stands on one foot without support

  • Tells stories, tells first and last names, can tell you what objects are used for, uses correct grammar, uses plurals, and words like “he” “she” correctly

  • Understand concepts same/ different, short/tall. Is able to name body parts, identifies many more. Draws a person with 2-4 body parts.

5 Years

  • Tries to please friends, wants to be like their friends, follows rules, can differentiate between real and make believe

  • Is independent in dressing, undressing, hand washing, blows nose, etc.

  • Stands on one foot for 10 or more seconds, is able to hop and may skip, swings and climbs. Has mature grasp of pencil or crayons

  • Speaks very clearly, can convey clear ideas when telling a story or sharing an experience. Can follow multi step instructions.

  • Recognizes his own printed name, attempts to write name, draws pictures and tells story of what is happening in the drawing